Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS)

Hardware in the loop simulator (HIL)

The Manchester RTDS is a key enabler in the development of novel Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control concepts for the next generation of Smart Transmission and Distribution Networks.

The Manchester RTDS simulator is the largest University-based hardware in the loop simulator in the UK and the second largest in Europe.

It is designed for hardware in the loop testing of physical equipment such as

  • control and protection devices
  • complex solutions involving a large number of intelligent electronic devices.

Specification

The Manchester RTDS is a digital system able to perform electromechanical and electromagnetic electric power system transient simulations continuously in real time, covering the frequency range DC to ~3kHz. It has 6 racks with 30 PB5 processor cards and 5 MMC units.

It is designed for hardware in the loop (HIL) testing of physical equipment such as control and protection devices, or complex solutions involving a large number of intelligent electronic devices.

Working with industry

The simulator is equipped with sufficient analogue and digital input and output facilities as well as communication capabilities using well known standards (e.g., IEC 61850, C37.118 and IEC 60870).

This is particularly important for industry as it allows not only the development but also the adequate validation of future smart transmission and distribution network solutions.

Applications

Our RTDS is used in various ongoing initiatives at The University of Manchester and beyond, including

  • integration of renewable energy sources,
  • future low carbon loads,
  • energy storage devices,
  • multi-terminal HVDC transmission systems,
  • development of concepts of Wide Area Protection and Control,
  • communication aspects, 
  • development of Smart Grid solutions and concepts.
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