Voltage source converter (VSC) HVDC

HVDC links in Europe

Existing (red) and Planned (blue) HVDC links in Europe
Existing (red) and Planned (blue) HVDC links in Europe (courtesy of Dr D van Hertem, KU Leuven, adapted from Messerly, Wikimedia Commons)

Integrating renewable and next generation electricity will require new High Voltage DC (HVDC) interconnectors and grids.

A key part of a European Smartgrid, these DC connections will use the latest in voltage source converter (VSC) inverter technology to form a network, or energy superhighway for the UK and Europe. This will allow the connection of clean, smart renewable energy by connecting offshore windfarms, and will allow the UK to trade energy with Europe, reducing costs.

Research at Manchester

Synthetic Load Commutation Switch Test in high Voltage Lab
Synthetic Load Commutation Switch Test in high Voltage Lab

Research at Manchester focuses on

  • MMC converter control,
  • protection,
  • AC/DC network interaction,
  • HVDC protection,
  • DC breakers,
  • wind farm integration
  • advanced HVDC modelling.

Report: VSC-HVDC Availability Analysis v2.1

Recent publications

Journal papers

  1. Antony Beddard, Mike Barnesand Robin Preece, Comparison of Detailed Modeling Techniques for MMC Employed on VSC-HVDC Schemes, IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, accepted, pp. 1978 – 1988, DOI: 10.1109/TPWRD.2014.2325065
  2. Wenyuan Wang, Antony Beddard, Mike Barnesand Ognjen Marjanovic, Analysis of Active Power Control for VSC–HVDC, IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 29, no. 4, Aug. 2014, pp. 1978-1988, DOI: 10.1109/TPWRD.2014.2322498
  3. Wenyuan Wang and M Barnes, “Power Flow Algorithms for Multi-Terminal VSC-HVDC With Droop Control”, IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vo. 29, no. 4, July 2014, pp. 1721- 1730, DOI: 10.1109/TPWRS.2013.2294198


  1. A Beddard, M Barnes, Radial VSC-HVDC Availability Analysis, November 2011, EPSRC Supergen Wind Report, EP/H018662/1


Academic staff:  Prof. Mike Barnes (team leader), Prof JV MilanovicProf AC SmithMr Peter GreenDr Roger ShuttleworthDr Ognjen Marjanovic, Dr Robin Preece

Research staff and students: 7 post-doctoral research associates and 8 PhD students.

Contact us

For further details, please contact

Prof. Mike Barnesmike.barnes@manchester.ac.uk

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